Bonner Online-Bibliographie zur Comicforschung
Bonn Online Bibliography of Comics Research

WIKINDX Resources

Gavaler, Chris: "The rise and fall of fascist superpowers." In: Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 7.1 (2016), S. 70–87. 
Resource type: Journal Article
Languages: englisch
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1080/21504857.2015.1093516
BibTeX citation key: Gavaler2016
View all bibliographic details
Categories: General
Keywords: Faschismus, Superheld, USA
Creators: Gavaler
Collection: Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics
Viewed in their original context, comic book superheroes express the paradox that democratic utopianism can be defended only through anti-democratic means. Superheroes were conceived in response to fascism, achieved massive popularity with the expansion of a fascist-fighting war, and began to wane not at the close of that war but at the earliest signs of victory. The rise and fall of fascism does not coincidentally parallel the arc of the Golden Age character; the ideology informs the hero type’s conception, market surge, and eventual renunciation. After the fall of Nazi Germany, Communism proved an inadequately dire threat to justify the figure’s continuation, and those few superheroes who survived the industry’s Wertham-led, anti-fascist purging in the mid-fifties did so because they had been divorced from their authoritative violence. The historical relationship between Golden Age heroes and fascism was distanced in the early sixties when Silver Age creators reproduced the formulas apart from their originating context. While superheroes are not exclusively a fascist phenomenon, and while their enduring popularity is a product of myriad factors, their origins remain imbedded in the genre and continue to define the hero type.
wikindx 5.3.3 ©2018 | Total resources: 11557 | Username: -- | Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography | Style: Comicforschung-Bibliographie Stil (CFB) | Database queries: 42 | DB execution: 0.21989 secs | Script execution: 0.23195 secs

PHP execution time: 0.01089 s
SQL execution time: 0.21989 s
TPL rendering time: 0.00117 s
Total elapsed time: 0.23195 s
Peak memory usage: 1.4472 MB
Memory at close: 1.3969 MB