Bonner Online-Bibliographie zur Comicforschung
Crépin, Thierry: "The Comité de Défense de la Littérature et de la Presse pour la Jeunesse: The Communists and the Press for Children during the Cold War." In: Libraries & Culture 36 (2001), S. 131–142.
|Resource type: Journal Article
BibTeX citation key: Crepin2001a
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Keywords: Frankreich, Interkulturalität, Kinder- und Jugendcomics, Rezeption
Collection: Libraries & Culture
French children's periodicals underwent some significant changes between the years 1933 and 1954. French publishing houses and press agencies came under attack for being unduly influenced by and saturated with subversive American cartoons and comics. Numerous French comic strips created and endorsed by different morality leagues and Communist political groups appeared. The new French comic strips during this period were modeled after their more popular American counterparts; however, they were drawn by French authors and displayed Communist ideals. The strips utilized the brightly colored techniques of the American strips, trying to capture the imagination and attention of the children that read them. These French-born strips were designed to combat the widespread appeal of the American strips. The French comic strips and comic books were used as tools for the supposed intellectual and political education of the youths they targeted. American comic strips during this period were campaigned against, being painted as highly corruptive, perverse publications that assaulted the morality of the youth of France. Repeated attempts to get legislation passed that would enforce the newly created offense of »youth demoralization via the press« were made but were never entirely successful. The result was that the influence of American comic strips was never completely replaced and still had a devoted following among French youth during this time period.
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