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Grove, Laurence: Comics in French. The European Bande Dessinée in Context. (Polygons, 14.) Oxford, New York: Berghahn Books, 2010. (346 S.) 
Added by: joachim (04 Feb 2010 13:49:12 UTC)   Last edited by: joachim (19 Sep 2012 13:52:31 UTC)
Resource type: Book
Languages: englisch
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 978-1-84545-588-0
BibTeX citation key: Grove2010b
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Categories: General
Keywords: Belgien, Frankreich, Historischer Überblick
Creators: Grove
Publisher: Berghahn Books (Oxford, New York)
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Abstract
Whereas in English-speaking countries comics are for children or adults “who should know better,” in France and Belgium the form is recognized as the “ninth art” and follows in the path of poetry, architecture, painting, and cinema. The bande dessinée [comic strip] has its own national institutions, regularly obtains front-page coverage, and has received the accolades of statesmen from De Gaulle onwards. On the way to providing a comprehensive introduction to the most francophone of cultural phenomena, this book will consider national specificity as relevant to an anglophone reader, whilst exploring related issues such as text/image expression, historical precedents, and sociological implication. To do so it will present and analyse priceless manuscripts, a Franco-American rodent, Nazi propaganda, a museum-piece urinal, intellectual gay porn and a prehistoric warrior who’s really Zinedine Zidane.

Table of Contents

Figures (ix)
Foreword (xiii)

1. Introduction: French Strippers Viewed from Afar (1)

I. What is Bande Dessinée?
2. Definitions and Component Parts: How a BD Works (15)
‘Bande Dessinée’ or ‘Bande + Dessinée’? (15)
So, What Is a BD? (16)
– Images (16)
– Written text (16)
– Mixture of images and written text (17)
– Text (18)
– Narrative (19)
– French language (19)
Definition of Terms (21)
– Overall production (22)
Scénario/découpage/storyboard (22)
Album/journal (22)
One-shot/série (23)
– The individual page (24)
Planche (24)
Bande (27)
Encrage/bleu/colorisation (27)
– More specifically (28)
Case (28)
Cadre/cadrage/filet (29)
Phylactère/bulle/ballon (31)
Lettrage/récitatif (32)
– From literary criticism (33)
Onomatopée (33)
Style indirect libre (33)
Voix de l’auteur/voix du narrateur (33)
— Intertextuality (33)
– From cinema (35)
Plan général/panorama (35)
Plan moyen (35)
Plan américain (35)
Plan rapproché (35)
Gros plan (35)
Plongée (35)
Contre-plongée (35)
— Travelling (35)
Astérix gladiateur: How a BD Works 36

3. Formal Specificity: Novel Novel or Nouvelle Nouvelle Vague? (41)
Novel Novel? (41)
Nouvelle Nouvelle Vague? (49)

II. The Chronological Approach
4. Pre-History: From Bayeux’s Tapestry to Töpffer’s Teachings (59)
The Notion of a Pre-History to BD (59)
Early Illuminations (60)
Printed Picture Books (68)
The Age of (Textual) Reason (78)
Les Images d’Épinal (84)
Rodolphe Töpffer: ‘L’lnventeur de la BD’ (86)

5. The Nineteenth Century: Photos, Funnies and Films (93)
Töpffer Again (93)
Photos (99)
Funnies (103)
Films (108)
The New Era of the Image (110)

6. The Twentieth Century: The Rise, Fall and Rise of the BD (117)
A Rollercoaster Century (117)
Rise (118)
Histoires en images (118)
On a les bulles? (120)
– Tintin starts his adventures (121)
Belgicité? (123)
Enfin Mickey vint … (123)
Fall (129)
– Nazi supremacy (129)
La Loi du 16 juillet 1949 (133)
– Postwar to 1959 (137)
Rise (141)
– A new direction with a new Pilote (141)
Tu bandes? (144)
– Fall within a rise (146)
– Consecration of the Ninth Art (147)
A Century of Events (149)

7. Contemporary BD: Innovators, Best-sellers and Prize-winners (155)
Another Method of Approach (155)
Twenty-first-century Innovators (156)
Tranches de vie (156)
– Politically aware (158)
– Graphic classics (159)
– Popular experiments (160)
– L’Association and associates (162)
Best-sellers (164)
Titeuf (165)
XIII (169)
– Astérix the BD giant (169)
Grand Prix d’Angoulême (174)
– 2009: Winshluss, Pinocchio (Les Requins Marteaux) (175)
– 2009: Blutch (178)
– 2008: Shaun Tan, Là où vont nos pères (Dargaud) (179)
– 2008: Philippe Dupuy and Charles Berberian (180)
– 2007: Shigeru Mizuki, NonNonBâ (Cornélius) (183)
– 2007: José Muñoz (183)
– 2006: Gipi, Notes pour une histoire de guerre (Actes Sud) (184)
– 2006: Lewis Trondheim (184)
– 2005: Marjane Satrapi, Poulet aux prunes (L’Association) (187)
– 2005: Georges Wolinski (188)
– 2004: Manu Larcenet, Le Combat ordinaire (Dargaud) (189)
– 2004: Zep (191)
– 2003: Chris Ware, Jimmy Corrigan (Delcourt) (191)
– 2003: Régis Loisel (191)
– 2002: Christophe Blain, Isaac le pirate: Les Amériques (Dargaud) (192)
– 2002: François Schuiten (194)
– 2001: René Pétillon, L’Enquête corse (Albin Michel) (195)
– 2001: Martin Veyron (196)
Where Now? (198)

8. Pop Art or Business Park?: Barthes-ering for the Market (207)
Bande Dessinée and Popular Culture (207)
Popular Culture as Cultural Artefact (208)
Popular Culture as an Object of Intellectualisation (214)
The Alternative: BD as Business (220)

9. Consecration of the Ninth Art: Meaningful Ecos or Circus Clones (229)
The History of the History (229)
The Time-line Method (230)
– Pre-1920s (231)
– 1920s to 1940s (232)
– 1950s (233)
– 1962–1975 (234)
– Consecrating the consecrated (240)
By Contrast: BD Criticism in English (241)
Where Now? (243)

10. Cultural Studies and Beyond: Cases in Point and Further Reading (249)
Theory into Practice (249)
The Specificity of English? (250)
Cultural Studies (252)
– Case study: Bond dessinée (252)
— James Bond comics (253)
— Spirit of 007 (254)
— Icons of the text/image age (258)
– Resistance and collaboration (259)
– Underground or métropolitan? (261)
– BD and banlieue (262)
– Sex and sexuality (264)
Ils sont fous ces Caledoniens (266)
– 3D BD (268)
Beyond … (269)
– Case study: formal experimentation (270)
Le Cahier bleu: experiments with narratology (270)
La 2,333e dimension: self-reflexive experimentation (277)
– International aesthetics (283)
– Psychoanalysis (284)
– Signs and symbols (285)
– Learning from BD (286)
Further Further Reading (287)

11. Conclusion: Dick Turpin Rides Again (295)

Bibliography (299)
Index (327)
Added by: joachim  Last edited by: joachim
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