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Thom, Danielle: "Impolite Interventions? English Satirical Prints in the Presence of the Academy, c. 1750–1780." In: European Comic Art 6.2 (2013), S. 13–39. 
Added by: joachim (13 Feb 2014 08:26:16 UTC)   
Resource type: Journal Article
Languages: englisch
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.3167/eca.2013.060202
BibTeX citation key: Thom2013
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Categories: General
Keywords: Frühformen des Comics, Großbritannien, Karikatur, Kunst, Parodie, Satire
Creators: Thom
Collection: European Comic Art
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Abstract
This article examines the reciprocity between satirical and academic modes of image making, and locates that relationship within the context of an emergent bourgeois public sphere. The cultural and commercial imperatives of that sphere enabled its inhabitants to engage with conflicting modes of cultural output, consuming grotesque and bawdy satire as an exercise in political autonomy, while simultaneously emulating ‘elite’ politeness. In particular, the commercial growth and increasing visibility of satirical prints challenged the polite hierarchy of art as it was understood by the nascent academies and societies of art established in the same period. This process of establishment needs to be re-framed in the context of satirical intervention, and will be examined via two paintings that provoked distinct satirical responses: Benjamin West’s The Death of Wolfe and Francis Hayman’s The See-Saw. Correspondingly, satirical print culture itself can be reframed in light of its use (and parody) of academic visual tropes and techniques.
  
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